When you are diagnosed with a traumatic brain injury following a car accident, you will undoubtedly receive treatment from a medical professional. You will hear many terms that you may or may not understand. When it comes to your recovery, it is important that you understand the stages of your recovery or that of your family member. Traumatic brain injury recovery is often tracked using the Rancho Los Amigos Scale. Here is a breakdown.
Level I (No Response): The person who has suffered the injury is in a deep coma. The patient does not respond to stimuli.
Level II (Generalized Response): The patient is asleep the majority of the time but does experience periods of wakefulness. Movements tend to be reflexive.
Level III (Localized Response): The patient can remain alert for longer periods of time. They react to commands but are not consistent. Reactions are appropriate to stimuli.
Level IV (Confused and Agitated): Awareness increases, but so does a feeling of confusion. The patient may react with verbal or physical abuse, they may be easily agitated, and they may lack an attention span required for tasks presented.
Level V (Confused, Not Agitated): The patient can follow simple commands regularly. The long-term memory is returning, and the patient can carry out tasks that have been over-learned (eating, dressing, etc.).
Level VI (Confused, Appropriate): Goal-oriented behavior is displayed, but the person still needs verbal or physical direction. The patient understands that they have deficits. The patient can learn new skills and retain them from one occasion to the next.
Level VII (Automatic, Appropriate): Daily routines are performed automatically. The patient is able to learn new skills. Problem-solving and judgment are still impaired.
Level VIII (Purposeful, Appropriate): The patient is able to return to community as a functioning member. The patient may have continued deficits in memory, emotional functions or social skills.
As you or a family member recovers from a traumatic brain injury, you may hear your medical team rate progress using the Rancho scale. Now, when you hear these terms, you will have a better understanding of what they mean and what you can reasonably expect in the next stages of recovery.
If you or a loved one has been injured in a car accident, call our team of personal injury attorneys today. We will review your case at no charge and advise you how to best proceed. Call now.