A brain injury sustained by one person is often vastly different than one sustained by someone else. Each brain injury is unique because of the incident that caused the injury and the patient that suffered it. There are several different injuries that can affect the brain, and each one may be handled differently. Read on to discover the levels and types of brain injury that may occur after a traumatic event like a car accident.
A traumatic brain injury occurs when there is some type of force or penetration to the head. They may be sustained after vehicle collisions, sports injuries, slip and fall accidents and more. Some of the impairments that result from a traumatic brain injury can be made better through rehabilitation, but not every person will recover completely.
A concussion is incurred when the head is moved in a violent way. Concussions are the most common type of brain injury. They typically occur after a blow to the head or when the body suddenly stops, but the head continues to move forward and then snaps back.
A person who sustains a concussion may or may not lose consciousness. They may feel dazed and could develop a headache after the event. The symptoms of a concussion range from mild to severe, and the victim’s brain could take weeks or years to heal.
This type of injury occurs when there is bleeding in the brain that results in a bruise. Contusions are typically caused by blows to the head. Often, they require surgical intervention.
These are severe contusions that occur at the site of the injury and the opposite side as well. These injuries occur when the brain sustains so much force that it moves, hitting the side of the skull.
Diffuse axonal injuries most commonly occur in what is typically known as Shaken Baby Syndrome. The injury can also occur as the result of a vehicle collision. When the brain doesn’t move at the same rate as the skull, tearing can occur, resulting in severe injury. A diffuse axonal injury may be mild, severe or even fatal.
A penetration is when an object enters the skull and travels into the brain. These injuries are most often the result of being shot or stabbed. In many cases, a penetrating injury to the brain is fatal.
An acquired brain injury does not develop after a traumatic event. It is actually a disease or other issue that is not related to an external force. These types of injuries are commonly seen as the result of a stroke, toxin, tumor or degenerative disease.
When the brain doesn’t receive oxygen, cells begin to die. When cell death occurs, various parts of the brain can be impaired, causing dysfunction in the body. For example, newborns who did not receive enough oxygen to the brain may be diagnosed with cerebral palsy and experience difficulty with motor and cognitive functions as they mature.
This type of injury occurs when the brain receives some oxygen, but not enough, for an extended period of time.
Brain injuries are placed on a scale called the Glasgow Coma Scale. A mild traumatic brain injury is scored between 13 and 15. A mental change occurs at the time of the injury, but a person tends to fully recover within days or weeks.
A moderate brain injury is scored between 9 and 12. These injuries occur when there is a loss of consciousness that lasts from minutes to hours, the victim is disoriented for days or weeks and there are temporary or permanent impairments. These victims tend to make at least some form of recovery.
Severe brain injuries are those that result in debilitating impairments or death. Unfortunately, there is often no return to the same life one experienced prior to the brain injury. A person may be paralyzed, lose cognitive function or fall into a coma that lasts for months or years. The most serious of these injuries are fatal.
Doctors typically have a difficult time diagnosing the severity of a brain injury because they are unseen. Even with imaging, many injuries are deep inside the tissue and affect patients differently. Doctors rely more on symptoms to diagnose a traumatic brain injury and predict recovery than they do the injury itself. Prognosis after a brain injury often depends on how quickly a victim begins to regain normal physical and cognitive functions.
If you or a loved one have sustained a brain injury in Fort Lauderdale due to the negligent behavior of another, you have the right to seek compensation for your medical bills and more. Call our office today to schedule a free case evaluation, and learn more about your legal rights and options. Our team is here for you during this difficult time, and we will help you hold the responsible party accountable for their actions.